작성일 : 12-05-27 10:03
세계가 만일 100명의 마을이라면? (일 한 영)
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세계가 만일100명의 마을이라면
５７人のアジア人 / ２１人のヨーロッパ人 / １４人の南北アメリカ人 / ８人のアフリカ人がいます
５２人が女性です / ４８人が男性です 。
７０人が有色人種で / ３０人が白人
７０人がキリスト教以外の人で / ３０人がキリスト教
８９人が異性愛者で / １１人が同性愛者
８０人は標準以下の居住環境に住み / ７０人は文字が読めません。
５０人は栄養失調に苦しみ / 1人が瀕死の状態にあり / 1人はいま、生まれようとしています 。
そうたった、1人は大学の教育を受け / そしてたった1人だけがコンピューターを所有しています 。
만약 현재의 인구 통계비율을 그대로 반영해 지구를 100명밖에 살지않는 마을로 축소한다면
57명은 아시아인 / 21명은 유럽인 / 14명은 미주인 / 8명은 아프리카인
52명은 남자 / 48명은 여자
70명은 유색인종 / 30명은 백인
70명은 비기독교인 / 30명은 기독교인
89명은 이성애자 / 11명은 동성애자
6명은 전세계 부의 59%를 차지하고 있고. 그 6명은 모두 미국인
80명은 적정수준 이하의 주거환경에 살고 있고
70명은 문맹 / 50명은 영양부족 / 1명은 빈사상태 /
1명은 지금 태어나려 하고 있고
단 한명은 대학교육을 받았고 1명은 컴퓨터를 소유하고 있습니다.
이렇게 생각하면 좋은 집에 살고, 먹을게 충분하고,
글을 읽을 수 있는 사람이라면 아주 선택받은 사람입니다.
거기다 컴퓨터를 가지고 있다면 굉장한 엘리트입니다
만약 전쟁의 위험, 감옥에서의 고독, 고문으로 인한 고뇌,
기아의 괴로움을 겪어보지 않은 사람이라면,
세계 인류의 상류 500만명중 한 사람인 셈입니다
만약 고통, 체포, 고문, 나아가서 죽음에 대한 공포없이 매주 교회를 다닐 수 있는 사람이라면,
이 지구상의 30억 인구가 누리지 못하는 것을 누리고 사는 행운아입니다
냉장고에 먹을 것이 있고, 몸엔 옷을 걸쳤고 / 머리위로는 지붕이 있어 잠잘 곳이 있는 사람이라면
이 세상 75%의 사람보다 풍요로운 생활을 하고 있는 것입니다
만약 부모님 두 분이 모두 살아계시고,
이혼을 하지 않은 상태라면 미국에서 마저도 아주 드문 경우일 것입니다
만약 고개를 들고 얼굴에 웃음을 띄고 기뻐할 수 있는 사람이라면 축복받았습니다
만약 당신이 이 글을 읽을 수 있는 사람이라면,
당신을 생각하여 누군가 이 글을 보내 주었다는 것을 생각할 때
축복은 두 배나 되는 셈입니다
당신은 축복받은 사람임에 틀림없습니다.
"If we could shrink the earth's population to a village of precisely 100 people, with all the existing human ratios remaining the same, it would look something like the following. There would be:
14 from the Western Hemisphere, both north and south
52 would be female
48 would be male
70 would be non-white
30 would be white
70 would be non-Christian
30 would be Christian
89 would be heterosexual
11 would be homosexual
6 people would possess 59% of the entire world's wealth and all 6 would be from the United States
80 would live in substandard housing
70 would be unable to read
50 would suffer from malnutrition
1 would be near death; 1 would be near birth
1 (yes, only 1) would have a college education
1 would own a computer
When one considers our world from such a compressed perspective, the need for both acceptance, understanding and education becomes glaringly apparent."<END>
「１００人の地球村」のもとになったのは、Donella H. Meadows （ローマクラブで有名なメドウズ氏の、配偶者）による「地球村の状況」です。ここでは、全人口は１０００人ということになっています。
STATE OF THE VILLAGE REPORT
If the world were a village of 1000 people:
584 would be Asians
123 would be Africans
95 would be East and West Europeans
84 Latin Americans
55 Soviets (still including for the moment Lithuanians, Latvians, Estonians, etc.)
52 North Americans
6 Australians and New Zealanders
The people of the village would have considerable difficulty communicating:
165 people would speak Mandarin
86 would speak English
That list accounts for the mother-tongues of only half the villagers. The other half speak (in descending order of frequency) Bengali, Portuguese, Indonesian, Japanese, German, French, and 200 other languages.
In the village there would be:
300 Christians (183 Catholics, 84 Protestants, 33 Orthodox)=
210 all other religions (including atheists)
One-third (330) of the people in the village would be children. Half the children would be immunized against the preventable infectious diseases such as measles and polio.
Sixty of the thousand villagers would be over the age of 65.
Just under half of the married women would have access to and be using modern contraceptives.
Each year 28 babies would be born.
Each year 10 people would die, three of them for lack of food, one from cancer. Two of the deaths would be to
babies born within the year.
One person in the village would be infected with the HIV virus; that person would most likely not yet have developed a full-blown case of AIDS.
With the 28 births and 10 deaths, the population of the village in the next year would be 1018.
In this thousand-person community, 200 people would receive three-fourths of the income; another 200 would receive only 2% of the income.
Only 70 people would own an automobile (some of them more than one automobile).
About one-third would not have access to clean, safe drinking water.
Of the 670 adults in the village half would be illiterate.
The village would have 6 acres of land per person, 6000 acres in all of which:
700 acres is cropland
1400 acres pasture
1900 acres woodland
2000 acres desert, tundra, pavement, and other wasteland.
The woodland would be declining rapidly; the wasteland increasing; the other land categories would be roughly stable. The village would allocate 83 percent of its fertilizer to 40 percent of its cropland -- that owned by the richest and best-fed 270 people. Excess fertilizer running off this land would cause pollution in lakes and wells. The remaining 60 percent of the land, with its 17 percent of the fertilizer, would produce 28 percent of the foodgrain and feed 73 percent of the people. The average grain yield on that land would be one-third the yields gotten by the richer villagers.
If the world were a village of 1000 persons, there would be five soldiers, seven teachers, one doctor. Of the village's total annual expenditures of just over $3 million per year, $181,000 would go for weapons and warfare, $159,000 for education, $132,000 for health care.
The village would have buried beneath it enough explosive power in nuclear weapons to blow itself to smithereens many times over. These weapons would be under the control of just 100 of the people. The other 900 people would be watching them with deep anxiety, wondering whether the 100 can learn to get along together, and if they do, whether they might set off the weapons anyway through inattention or technical bungling, and if they ever decide to dismantle the weapons, where in the village they will dispose of the dangerous radioactive materials of which the weapons are made. <END>